File Conversion using ‘Nodeception’


SAP PI Interview Questions and SAP PI Tutorials

SAP PI Interview Questions and SAP PI Tutorials

File Conversion using ‘Nodeception’

The Background Story:

The subject is of content conversion in the File Receiver Adapter. For those who have read the SAP help; it states that the adapter expects the XML to be of the below format;

<root>…

   <nameA>

         <value1>value</value1>

         <value2>value</value2>

         <value3>value</value3>

   </nameA>

   <nameB>

         <value4>value</value4>

   </nameB>

</root>…

So ideally, the adapter doesnt expect an XML with hierarchies???

The Scenario:

The expected output file format (taking a real time scenario from a utilities industry) needs to be as follows;

HEADER – Fields of Header (1-1)

(TRANSACTION –  Fields of Transaction

METERPOINT – Fields of Meter Point

ASSET – Fields of Asset

REGISTRATION –  Fields of Registration

READING – Fields of Reading)

TRAILER – Fields of Trailer (1-1)

A sample file output;

HEADR,H1,H2,H3

TRANS,T1,T11,T111

METER,M1,M11,M111

ASSET,A1,A11,A111

REGST,R1,R11,R111

READG,RD1,RD11,RD111

TRANS,T2,T22,T222

METER,M2,M22,M222

ASSET,A2,A22,A222

REGST,R2,R22,R222

READG,RD2,RD22,RD222

….

….

TRAIL, T1

NOTE: TRANS to READG segments will be a repeating set

The Design:

When we start the design, to suit the file content conversion the ideal Data Type would be as below;

The above exactly fits the expected XML format for the File adpater to perform content conversion.

Disaster strikes:

Using the above message structure in the mapping will reveal a glitch.

You would notice that all the TRANS, METER etc nodes are now collated together. But this is not what we want since we need first TRANS followed by the first METER and so on.

The above is due to a context issue. The truth is, I have never been able to figure out a context mapping to handle the above. Or maybe even if I might, would it prove to to be too much of an effort?

So this is what I propose;

Create your Data type as follows;

Carry on with your mapping. This time since we have introduced the BODY_NODE, it will ensure that the context is maintained.

The output of the mapping will now be;

Everything is as expected. Only thing pending is the File content conversion to create the output file.

NODECEPTION aka Node Deception:

To have the XML prepared as expected by the File adapter, we will use a simple trick I have come to call NODECEPTION = NODE + DECEPTION.

Why NODECEPTION? 

Because, here we will trick (DECEPTION) the File adapter by removing the BODY_NODE node (NODE) from the XML and provide it with the structure as expected for content conversion.

Use the java code as per this link.

The Java code will remove all instances of the BODY_NODE tag from the XML. 

Note: For PI 7.1, I have used parameterization to make the code dynamic and hence reusable. If using XI 3.0 or PI 7.0, you can remove the parameterization snippet from the code.

Add the java mapping in your operation mapping. You will have the java mapping executed after the original graphical mapping.

SAP PI Interview Questions and SAP PI Tutorials

SAP PI Interview Questions and SAP PI Tutorials

The output would be as below;

Now that we have the resulting XML as above, it’s simple FCC parameters that can create the output file.

The Next Steps:

The above ‘Nodeception’ method is what I found to be the easiest solution in such a scenario. Do you have a better and easier way? Or do you know how to manipulate the FCC parameters to handle hierarchy?

If you do, I request you to document your solution in this Wiki.

SAP PI Interview Questions and SAP PI Tutorials

SAP PI Interview Questions and SAP PI Tutorials

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